Dumb Data: Flowers Summarized

Flower selection was limited in Victorian times, so a flower had a specific symbol and meaning.

This is no longer the case and any flower is a simple gesture of kindness or affection, but the Society of American Florists keeps a history of what individual flowers meant:

FLOWERHISTORICAL MEANINGMODERN MEANING
AlstroemeriaAspiring 
AmaryllisDramaticRadiant beauty
AnemoneFragile 
Anthurium Hospitality
Apple BlossomPromise 
AsterContentment (believed to drive away evil spirits if burned)Patience
AzaleaAbundance 
Baby’s BreathFestivity 
Bachelor ButtonAnticipation 
BegoniaDeep thoughts 
Bird of Paradise Joy
Black-Eyed SusanEncouragement 
CamelliaGraciousness 
Carnation Pride, Beauty & Eternal Maternal Love
PinkGratitude 
RedFlashy 
StripedRefusal 
WhiteRemembrance 
YellowCheerful 
Chrysanthemum The Sun & Fidelity
BronzeExcitement 
WhiteTruth 
RedSharing 
YellowSecret admirer 
CosmosPeaceful 
CrocusForesight 
DaffodilChivalryChivalry
Dahlia Elegance
DelphiniumBoldness 
DaisyInnocenceInnocence, Gentleness & Cheerfulness
FreesiaSpirited 
Forget-Me-NotRemember me foreverTrue Love
GardeniaJoyEcstasy & Luck
GeraniumComfort 
GingerProud 
GladiolusStrength of characterStrength of character
Heather“Solitude (used for roofing, bedding, fuel & rope)”Admiration
HibiscusDelicate beautyDelicate beauty
HollyDomestic happiness 
Honeysuckle Devotion
HyacinthSincerity 
HydrangeaPerseveranceSincerity
IrisInspirationGoodness
IvyFidelity 
JasmineGrace and elegance 
LarkspurBeautiful spirit 
LavenderDistrust 
LilacFirst loveMother/Child Love & Newfound Love
Lily Peace
CallaRegal 
CasablancaCelebration 
DayEnthusiasm 
StargazerAmbition 
Tiger Wealth & Pride
White Chastity & Virtue
LisianthusCalming 
MagnoliaDignity 
MarigoldDesire for richesResilience
NasturtiumPatriotism 
Orange BlossomFertility 
OrchidDelicate beautyRefinemen, Virility & Love
PansyLoving thoughts 
Passion flowerPassion 
PeonyHealing 
PoppyConsolation 
Queen Anne’s LaceDelicate femininity 
RanunculusRadiant 
RhododendronBeware 
Rose Never-Ending Love & Passion
Black Death’s parting & Hatred
Blue Mystery
Blue-Lavender Respect
Lavender Love at first sight
Peach Honor & Desire to be together
PinkFriendshipHonor, Friendship & Grace
RedPassionate lovePassionate Love, Romance & Beauty
Red & whiteUnity 
WhitePurityRespect, Purity & Silent Love
YellowZealousLove, Beauty, Friendship & Betrayal
SnapdragonPresumptuous 
Star of BethlehemHope 
StephanotisGood luck 
StaticeSuccess 
SunflowerAdorationLongevity, Loyalty & Best Wishes
SweetpeaShyness(complementary to a bouquet)
TuberosePleasure 
Tulip Fame & Perfect Lover
PinkCaring 
PurpleRoyalty 
RedDeclaration of love 
WhiteForgiveness 
YellowHopelessly in love 
VioletFaithfulness 
WisteriaSteadfast 
YarrowGood health 
ZinniaThoughts of friends